In this project, we employed a binary suspension of colloids, light absorbing and non-absorbing. We observed that under light illumination colloids self-assembled into colloidal molecules. In their simplest configuration they formed a Janus dimer, which breaks the radial symmetry around the absorbing particle and thus acquires motility. Over time grow in size and change their shape which results into different behaviour.
Moreover, for larger structures, droplets form around the molecules (see Figure below) thus providing boundary whose feedback couples back to their internal structure.
This simplified experimental system allows to test and understand the bottom-up formation process into complex biomimetic materials.